Engelmann Spruce

Genus Picea
Pine Family (Pinaceae)

Engelmann Spruce tree with cones

Engelmann Spruce
(Picea engelmanni)

These are tall well-formed trees which grow on our higher mountain slopes. (The very similar Blue Spruce commonly grows a little lower down on the mountains.) The average height of the Engelmann spruce is about 110 ft.

The cones hang downward from the upper branches of the tree. They are about 2 inches long, reddish brown in color, and have very thin scales. Usually many can be found lying on the ground under the trees.

Spruce needles are very stiff and sharp-pointed. Each needle is square in cross section.

Spruce cones lying on the ground

Needles of an Engelmann spruce

Albion Basin
Wasatch Mountains
Salt Lake County, Utah


by Sandra Bray