JOHN T. LANT
Biography of Elizabeth Ann Lant
Compiled by Jerry Faerber
Based on The Haymore Family, F. Lant Haymore Interview with Minnie Tanner
And two biographies written by her children
Elizabeth Ann Lant was the oldest child of David Lant and Elsie Tanner Lant.
When Elizabeth's mother, Elsie Tanner was less than five years old, her mother had died. Later, at about 14 years of age, she left the farm and went to Payson to live with her brother William Smith Tanner. Here she became acquainted with David Lant and by the law of celestial marriage, they became each others on April the 5th 1869 at Salt Lake City, Utah. Daniel H. Wells performed the ceremony in the endowment House. David was twenty years older than Elsie, with a wife twenty years older than he. To Elsie were born nine children, three boys and six girls. They were: Elizabeth Ann (Elizabeth was the name of Davidís first wife and Ann was the name of his mother), Rebecca Clotilda, Elsie Louisa, David Barnabas, John Tanner, Lydia Jane, William Isaiah, Edith Izella, and Leah. Elizabeth Ann was their first child. She was born 4 July 1870 in Payson. They lived in a house on the other side of the block from Davidís first wife. The backyards were together.
Elsie Tanner Lant worked hard. She cooked and washed and cleaned for her growing family. Elizabeth Ann filled well the place of the eldest child. She never learned to dance and cared little for social functions. She enjoyed being with older people and was kind and unselfish. She learned to sew and looked after the family needs. At one time she had some money. Her mother urged her to spend it on a dress for herself, but Elizabeth refrained and bought her mother a beautiful four piece cruet set, used in those days for vinegar, mustard, salt and pepper. Thus with the help and love of her children, time passed on. The atmosphere in the house was religious, and if one could not walk to church, they could ride in the one horse white top buggy, and put their babies to sleep in the window sills, while they listened to the Bishop or her own good husband instruct the flock. David was first counselor in the bishopric for 20 years. He was away from home many evenings, attending to Church duties.
Elsie was a good teacher; she taught the primary grades. She was of a religious nature, working in the relief Society, and also was a teacher in the Primary. The older children all remember the Bible stories she read and told to them in the evenings.
A grandson F. Lant Haymore interviewed Minnie Tanner Fairbanks, who was a childhood friend and neighbor of Elizabeth. Their fathers served together in the local ward Bishopric.
"Can you give me a description of my grandmother Haymore? What did she look like?" "I can't give you much of a description," she said, "But I can tell you something about her. Your grandmother, Tillie, and Ella; all three sisters bore a strong family resemblance, although they all were somewhat different in appearance. All were good sized women, and your grandmother was the largest proportioned of the three: Your grandmother had fine appearing features, looking something like her sister Tillie." Sister Fairbanks continued, "In disposition the Lant girls were pleasant, somewhat on the serious side. In harmony with their home life, they were quiet and reserved, inclined to be patient and enduring. Opposed to rashness. Above all, they were modest girls. All of them were good girls! Humble, and leaned toward spiritual matters in the way that Mormon women were in those days. If they were artistic in a musical or dramatic sense, their talents were not publicly displayed. What artistry girls in those days possessed was usually displayed in the home. Besides the pioneer girls were seldom if ever given opportunity for advanced learning in schools. Hence many of their talents were never expressed. What ability your grandmother had, she undoubtedly used in the management of her home. Like her sisters and her mother, she was a good mother, a very good mother." Sister Fairbanks explained to me one difference between the families of her father and that of his first counselor in the bishopric. "In the Tanner home guests were continually being entertained the home being invariably full and alive with voices. Brother Lant's home was of the opposite type, as Brother and Sister Lant weren't given to entertaining in a social fashion. Their home was a quiet place of retreat from the labors of the day."
Now came the first wedding. Elizabeth Ann, who emulated the example of her mother, entered plural marriage with Franklin Demarcus Haymore as his second wife. Her father wanted her to wait until Lucinda Adaline was converted to the principle, but who can scan the depths of anotherís heart and judge the state of the soul? On March 22, 1888 she was endowed in the Logan Temple and married to Franklin Demarcus Haymore.
"Sister Fairbanks, what can you tell me about my grandmother Haymore?" For almost a minute Sister Fairbanks was lost in thought. Then, with a gleam of unusual sincerity in her eye, which I did not understand at the moment, she replied, "Lizzie Lant was the plural wife of Franklin Haymore." Repeating her statement slowly, she immediately changed to a new subject as if to infer that anything else she might add would be superfluous description. This fact, of course, I knew, but her response was no less informing, for it brought to my mind not only the unusualness of the relationship but the honor and esteem in which women who entered into this religious covenant were held by their living contemporaries. Finally she returned to the subject of the Lant family with this remark, "I remember well when your grandmother was married." This she spoke with a twinkle in her eye.
Where were they married?" "On the quiet of course as all plural marriages were." she replied "Because of the gentile reaction, these weddings were never performed in public places. The news of the marriage of Lizzie Lant and Franklin Haymore gradually leaked out until it was generally known." During this recitation she altered her serious mood with her smiling one. I smiled, too, but it was at the thought, which entered my mind that the spreading of the news was without doubt facilitated by the Relief Society members of the Payson Ward. (F. Lant Haymore). Five months later on August 6, 1888, her mother Elsie Tanner Lant passed away.
One can learn about their married life from the account in the book The Haymore Family.
On March 22, 1888, Franklin D. took as his plural wife, Elizabeth Lant, who was born 4 July 1870. Elizabeth Ann was eighteen years old when she married Franklin D. She was called Lizzie by most everyone who knew her. A few months after this marriage, the law officers were after Franklin D. for practicing polygamy, and he was called to go on a second mission for the church to Chattanooga, Tennessee. He was set apart for his mission to the Southern States 4 September 1888.
Elizabeth (Lizzie) gave birth to her first son, David Franklin Haymore, 6 April 1889, in Payson, while Franklin D. was on his second mission. There were three families of Lovelesses who lived near the Haymores, and they helped keep watch over Adaline and the second wife, Lizzie.
Since Franklin D. had taken the second wife, and the civil authorities were after him, on evidence of polygamy, Adaline would let the Haymore boys take turns going to the Payson post office. She would send her letters for Franklin D. to the Mission President, President Spry, who would forward them to Franklin D. Once, the officers watched the boys mail a letter, and then went into the post office and retrieved it. They boarded the train to Chattanooga, Tennessee, and placed President Spry under arrest. He had quite a time talking them out of it, saying, "they had the wrong man." This took place about 1889. In the meantime, President Wilford Woodruff wired to Franklin D. and suggested he flee to either Canada or Mexico. He chose Mexico. He said it did not take him fifteen minutes to make up his mind
After considerable consultation and prayer, Franklin D. decided to send for his second wife, Lizzie. Adaline, his first wife, had so many things to be responsible for, that for her to leave to go to Mexico with no home, and with such a large family was asking too much. So it was only reasonable that Lizzie could go on Franklinís request. Lizzie came with her son David, whom Franklin D. had never seen, to live in Mexico.
Franklin D. and Lizzie lived at the saw-mill not far from Colonia Diaz. Arthur used four oxen to help haul materials to build a house for Lizzie. Then about the 15th of December, 1891, she gave birth to a daughter, Mildred. The exact date of her birth was not recorded, but the 15th is used to celebrate her birthday. Another child, Antonio Alvino, was born 15 December 1892, but he died sometime in 1893. The records state that both children were born on the San Pedro Ranch, Chihuahua, Mexico.
In 1890 President Wilford Woodruff had issued the Manifesto which ended the future practice of Polygamy. The pressure on former polygamous families was reduced. Franklin Demarcus Haymore decided to give himself up went back to Utah in 1893. He was let off with a sentence of one day in the State Penitentiary, which was waived.
Lizzie was left in Mexico with enough provisions to last her for two years, but she became very discouraged, homesick and bitter after Franklin D. had departed for Utah. She gave most of her belongings away and returned to Payson with two small children, leaving one buried in Mexico, and expecting another one. Franklin D. moved her to a home in Mapleton, Utah where she gave birth to a son, John Lester, on the 5th of August, 1894. Elizabeth Ann being a second wife, lived on the underground for sometime, because the saints were persecuted for living polygamy. For a long time she and her children went by the name of Thane. When the children were first told that their name was not Thane but Haymore, it embarrassed them to start telling people that their name was not Thane, but Haymore.
After the birth of John Lester Haymore in Mapleton in 1894 Lizzie was bitter about polygamy and was very unhappy in her marriage to Franklin D. When he offered to take her back to Mexico in 1895, she declined. She met an older English bachelor, Andrew Crump. She was 26 and he was 39. They were married in Spanish Fork on 8 Nov 1895. They had a son Daniel Wesley Crump, who was born in Spanish Fork on 18 September 1896. Elizabeth Ann died in childbirth with her 6th child on 12 April 1898, and the child died also. Elizabeth Ann Lant Haymore Crump is buried next to Andrew Crump in the Spanish Fork Cemetery.
Elizabethís brother John T. Lant and his bride Letitia Ann took in John Lester one of the Haymore children and helped raise him for a time. The other two children were cared for by Ellen Lant Kerr, their motherís sister. Wesley Crump was cared for by Andrew Crumpís sister.
In the meantime in 1895 Franklin D. decided to go back to Mexico and take Lucinda Adaline. As soon as arrangements could be made, Franklin D. and Arthur started on their journey to go back to Mexico to look after their holdings. Lizzie had been invited to go, too, but had decided not to go. It was also decided that Adaline would not go (to Mexico) initially. so with two wagons, Franklin D. and Arthur made the journey along with Elijah Hancock. They arrived in Oaxaca, Sonora, Mexico in 1896, where Franklin D. purchased a lot in the middle of town. Later in the year he returned to Payson to get his family (consisting of his first wife Lucinda Adaline and her children).
Franklinís first wife Lucinda Adaline died in childbirth 23 May 1897 at Colonia, Oaxaca, Sonora, Mexico. Her thirteenth baby survived. Franklin needed a wife to help take care of his young children, He married Pearl Melissa Wilson Brown in August 1897 in Mexico.
Pearl gave birth to twin daughters on July 18, 1899, in Colonia, Oaxaca. One was stillborn. The other was named Emma Julia. When Pearl had her strength back, Franklin D. took her and baby Emma and made another trip to Payson to get his three children by Elizabeth Haymore Crump. While in Utah, Franklin D. and Pearl were sealed in the Salt Lake Temple in September 1900. Franklin D. loved all of his children and wanted them to be together. Many important things had been accomplished on this trip with the gathering of Mildred, David F., Lester, and Walter, and being sealed to Pearl. A happy united family journeyed back to Mexico.
Biography of Elizabeth Ann Lant
by Mildred Adaline Haymore Lewis
Memories of Elizabeth Ann Lant Haymore
Recalled by David Franklin Haymore