Glenn Family

The GLEN/GLENN Family: "At the close of the 13th century there were three (unrelated) families bearing the surname of GLEN; two in Scotland, the other in England. The English Glens (or Glynns), in Leicestershire, came from Normandy and assumed the surname from Glen Magna ("the great glen," a place in England) ... In Scotland, "The Glen," (a place) in Traquair, Peebles, gave its name to its ancient owners. This estate comprises an extensive glen, in which stood the stronghold of its lords, who were Celtic. In the time of King Edward I, "The Glen" belonged to Duncan de le Glen, afterwards to his son Colban de Glen. The second Scots family of GLEN (the one from which our ancestors came) assumed their surname from the lordship of Glen, Renfrewshire, so called from a vale in Lochwinnoc ... This lordship, comprising Bar, Renfrewshire, Lynthills, Brigend, Gaytflat, and other lands near Paisley and Glasgow, was held by Lord Richard de le Glen in the time of King Edward I, and after Richard de le Glenn died in 1292, the lordship passed to his son John de Glen. During the revolt of Wallace, John de Glen commanded the troops of the Bishop of Glasgow against the Prince of Wales and also fought at Brannockburn. He must have distinguished himself at Brannockburn, for immediately afterwards, King Robert Bruce granted him the forfeited lands of Balmato Fife in addition to his other holdings.
It is said that this family of Glen was originally of Norman extraction. The ancestor who accompanied Walter Fitz Allan from Shropshire to Scotland bore the name of De Ness, from the place called Ness or Ness Strange, near Shrewsbury ... Henry de Ness held the lordship of Glen in the year 1180 under the Stewards (Stewart family, who were stewards for the king). John de Ness, who married a Steward, was the father of Lord Richard, who became known as Richard "de le Glen."
John de le Glen (mentioned above, who inherited the lordship in 1292), had a son named Robert de Glen. Robert de Glen married Margaret, illegitimate daughter of Robert "The Bruce," the great Scottish king of the 12th century, so all of the Glens of this family are descendants of Robert Bruce. A tradition traceable for four centuries insists that Robert de Glen was one of those who accompanied the heart of Bruce to the Holy Land. Moreover, the Glens of Bar possessed the sword of Bruce, which a descendant carried in 1606 to Ireland, where it was seen a few years since. The inscription on the blade leaves no doubt as to its original ownership.
Robert de Glen, who married Margaret Bruce, also entered the Church, becoming Rector of Liberton in Lanarkshire. His son William de Glen inherited the lordship and rebuilt the castle of Bar. William's son Robert Glen was a companion in arms of Sir Unfridi Cunynghame (Cunningham) of Glengarnock, and was with him at Perth in 1494. Robert Glen died in 1506 and was succeeded by James Glen I. James and his kinsmen were at the battle of Flodden Field in 1513. In 1517 he was captain of a company of 102 footmen in the service of the Crown. He was appointed a Justice in 1543 but died in 1544 (having been killed, supposedly, at the battle of Ancrum) and was succeeded by his son James Glen II.
In 1564 a feud, long existant between the houses of Glen and Semple, became serious, and upon the appointment of Robert, Lord Semple to be Justiciary, James Glen (II) appealed to the Queen, who held a privy council and wrote an official letter stating that,

"whereas Robert Lord Semple has obtained the commission of Justiciary upon all the inhabitants of the Barony and Sheriffdom of Renfrew, within which jurisdiction "the said James (Glen) and his barnis (children) dwellis," there should not be, nor should Lord Semple "haif ony commissioun or jurisdictioun upon the said James, his brethir (brother John), barnis (children), freiendis (friends), and servandis (servants) ... because it is noutourlie Knawin (naturally known?) that the said Robert Lord Semple beiris deidlie feid and inimytie aganis (bears deadly feud and enmity against?) the said James, his barnis, brethir, kin, and freindis, and hes usit greit crudilitie (has used great cruelty) and hostilitie upoun tham ... in ony wyise, and specialie in caus criminall he may dispone upoun thair lyffs (their lives)."

James Glen, his children, brother, kin and friends were made answerable to the Queen's Majesty only, and exempt from any other process of law. (The feud seems to have subsided, for one of James Glen's granddaughters, Sibilla Glen, later married James Semple).
James Glen II was kinsman to the Hamiltons, and he commanded troops for Queen Mary at Langside ... his brother John (probable ancestor of our Glenns) settled at Stirling after the battle of Langside. James Glen II had his estates forfeited in 1568 on account of his adherence to the fortunes of his kinswoman, Queen Mary, but they were restored by the treaty of Perth, 1573. Over the entrance to Bar Castle (where the Glen family of Bar lived), the motto, "For God and my Queen," rudely carved, is legible. Later Bar Castle passed to the Hamiltons. James Glen II's daughter Mary was, it is believed, one of the four Marys of the Queen (Mary Queen of Scots liked to have all of her ladies in waiting of the name Mary, and they were replaced by others of the same name whenever one of them married, died, or withdrew).
After James Glen II, his sons William and Alexander succeeded in turn to the estates. Another son of James Glen II, Archibald Glen, was Regent of the University of Glasgow and minister at Rutherglen. Lindsay Glen, who was probably another son of James Glen II, took service with a merchant of Rotterdam and married a Dutch woman. Alexander, son of this Lindsay Glen, entered the service of the Dutch (the Dutch West India Company), was stationed on the Delaware, and afterwards at New Amsterdam. He founded Schenectady, New York. A descendant of this Alexander Glen, Dr. Jacob Glen, mentions in his will around the middle of the 18th century (in Maryland), a rosary and crucifix which had belonged to Mary Queen of Scots, and which Dr. Glen wished his descendants to retain as an heirloom, forever. One of his descendants became Chief Justice of Maryland.
James Glen II's brother Alexander Glen removed to Linlithgow, Scotland before 1544 (joining others who had moved there previously, as the Glen name is found there as early as 1229), and entered the service of the Hamiltons. The Glens in Bar and Linlithgow have the same Coat of Arms, and their common ancestry can be proven. Three of this line, James, George, and Andrew, represented Linlithgow in Parliament in 1625, 1641, and 1652-53. Others of this family in Linlithgow were Provosts of the Burgh, another a Sergeant of law, and others burgesses and land owners. James Glen, who was appointed Royal Governor of South Carolina in 1739 (Captain General and Commander in Chief of South Carolina), is also descended from this line. He returned to Scotland where he died in 1777, but his cousin William Glen settled in South Carolina. Many of the Glen family had earlier settled in Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas and other colonies, later spreading elsewhere; it has been stated by one researcher that about 40 Glen or Glenn immigrants arrived in America before the Revolution, and all but two of these were kinsmen (from the Glens of Bar/Linlithgow/Ulster). Among these were our Glenn ancestors, who settled in Virginia in the 1600's.
The cousin of Royal Governor James Glen, William Glen, who settled in South Carolina before the Revolution, became a very prominent and wealthy citizen but lost all of his fortune after the war since he was a loyalist. He and his sons were East and West Indies Merchants, planters, attorneys, doctors, etc. His son John Glen went to Savannah, Georgia, where he was twice elected Chief Justice (1776-78), Mayor of Savannah, and Judge of the Superior Court. His son James Glen was one of the founders of the Georgia Medical Society. Also in Georgia there was as early as 1740 an Archibald Glen, probably a brother of William Glen.
One branch of the Glens, sons of David Glen of Glenlora, adjoining Bar (he was another son of James Glen II of Bar) had settled in Ireland with other "Scotch Irish" protestants in 1606 who came with the Hamiltons (several daughters of David Glen were married to Hamiltons).
The book Our Glenn Family in America, Immigrant to Astronaut says

"The Scotch-Irish, as they are known in America, or the Ulster Scots, as they are called in Britain, migrated to Northern Ireland from the area known as Lowland Scotland. In general, this is the region south of a line between Glasgow and Edinburgh. The people there were intensely Presbyterian in religion, in contrast to the Highland Scots, living north and west of the Glasgow-Edinburgh area, who were either Roman Catholic or Church of Scotland adherents. At home in Scotland, this difference in religious preference was marked but relatively peaceful in nature. However, when many Lowland Scots were forcibly "planted" in Ulster in the early 1600's by a vengeful English government in order to break the spirit of the native Irish Catholics and to take over their lands, a deeply divided population developed the unreasoning hatred that is all too prevalent even today ... however, many are urging a more Christian way of action." (The immigrant ancestor of astronaut and senator John Glenn came from Ireland to Pennsylvania in 1768 -- distantly related to our GLENNS).
"Many of the Ulster Glens also removed to America in the 17th and 18th centuries, and almost all of these, as well as most of those who went direct from Scotland, added an additional "n" to their surnames after the first generation in America."

There is evidence indicating that our branch of the Glenn family in America descends from a James Glenn (Sr.), who was born in 1636 in St. Ninian's parish, Stirlingshire, Scotland. He was of the MacIntosh clan. His wife was Elizabeth ("Lizzie") Mitchell, also of St. Ninian's parish, and this couple emigrated to Virginia, where James Glenn died 15 Sep 1696 in Accomack County. His known children were

    Lazarus Glenn (b. abt. 1661),
    John Glenn (b. abt 1662),
    Alexander Glenn (christened 10 May 1663),
    James Glenn Jr. (b. 25 Sep 1664), and
    Kathryn Glenn (b. 24 Dec 1665),

all of St. Ninian's, Stirlingshire, Scotland.

James Glenn Jr. married Mourning Winn on 4 Dec 1689 in Lunenburg Co., Virginia. This couple's children are said to include

    Mourning Glenn (1702-1775), and
    Tyree Glenn (abt. 1704-1767).
    Jeremiah Glenn (1709-1774),

The above Glenn data is interesting, but the earliest Glenn ancestor we have been able to absolutely prove is Jeremiah Glenn (1709-1774), and the earliest proven date we have of our Glenn ancestors in America is Sept. 2, 1730, when Jeremiah Glenn took out a grant from the English government for 200 acres on both sides of the South Fork of Cub Creek, which at that time was located in Hanover County, Virginia. (This would make Jeremiah born not later than 1709, as he would have to be at least 21 years old in 1730 in order to take out the land grant). Cub Creek is a tributary of the South Anna River, and is now located in Louisa County, Virginia. Louisa County was formed from the western part of Hanover County in 1742.
One researcher, Mrs. Christopher, who wrote "Glenn and Kin", believes that John Glen was probably the father or grandfather of Jeremiah Glenn of Virginia. She wrote that on 15 Dec 1655, Dr. Giles Mode received a patent for 1000 acres of land on the NE side of the Mattaponi River in New Kent County, for the transportation of 20 persons to Virginia. Among these twenty was a "JOHN GLAN." (New Kent County is about 50 miles downstream from Louisa County, on the same river). In 1666 John Glen owned land near a branch of Warrani Swamp in New Kent County. Also in the 1600's there was a "ROBERT GLAN" (who was actually the earliest Glenn listed, and could have just as likely been the father or grandfather of Jeremiah Glenn, and perhaps a brother of "JOHN GLAN"). He was one of 22 persons transported by Nathaniel Bacon who received land in Isle of Wight County, 23 March 1652, which was also nearby the other counties mentioned here (Isle of Wight County is on the south side of the James River, about 40 miles southeast of New Kent County).
Mrs. Christopher wrote that the following Glenns appear to belong to the second generation:

ROBERT GLENN, who in 1690 owned land in Middlesex County (about 20 miles northeast of New Kent County);

MARY GLENN, who on 18 Apr 1699, according to an old Blackwell Family Bible, married James Blackwell (bapt. 1680) of York County, Virginia (about 20 miles southeast of New Kent County);

JOSEPH GLEN, who in 1701 was headright on the patent of Anthony Winston in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County. Under the headright system of Virginia, a person was granted 50 acres of land per "head" for the people for whom he paid the fare to cross the Atlantic; for example, if he paid the fare for himself, his wife, and 5 children, he would receive 350 acres (this is a way to determine how many children were in the family when they got the grant). In order to receive more land, often men would pay the fare for several unrelated persons who wanted to emigrate to America but couldn't afford the passage. Many men traveled back and forth several times from Virginia to England and recruited others to emigrate, in order to receive more land. For this reason, the date a headright was issued to a person isn't always when they first came to America.)

JAMES GLEN, who in 1717-1719 owned land adjacent to the North Anna River in St. Paul's Parish, New Kent County. He is listed in the Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish from 1719-1724, in connection with John Glenn. In 1725-1731 he owned land further upstream along the same (North Anna) river, in Hanover County. He is probably the same James of St. Martin's Parish, Hanover County, who purchased land in 1739 on Great Guinea Creek, St. James Parish, Goochland County (southeast of Hanover), an area that later became Cumberland County. He left a will in 1762 in Hanover County naming wife Hannah (maiden name probably Thompson) and children:

           THOMPSON GLEN,

Also named were grandchildren Frances Harris, Judy Harris, Anna Glen Harris, Molley Glen Harris, Peter Harris and Tyre Harris.

JOHN GLEN is mentioned as owning lands in 1714 on the north side of South River, St. Paul's Parish, New Kent County, and in Hanover County on South Anna River and Turkey Creek in 1721-1725. In the Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover County, there are many refences to at least two men named John Glenn, beginning in 1708 and extending to 1771 (probably the second John was the son of the first). John Glenn served as a surveyor of roads, was a land processioner, and was elected to the Church Vestry in 1711.

"Bearing in mind the close proximity in time and place of the above Glenns, John Glen (who immigrated to Virginia in 1655) is the probable progenitor of the Glenn family herein described."
She also places Jeremiah Glenn as probably a brother of the above Robert, Mary, James, John, and Joseph; but since his land patent was taken out 15-30 years later than theirs, it is more probable that Jeremiah was of the third generation in America.
In the LDS ancestral file, James Glenn (above) and Jeremiah Glenn are mistakenly identified as the same person, and James Glenn's children (named in the will in 1762 in Hanover County, VA mentioned above) are mistakenly placed as Jeremiah Glenn's children by a first wife, while Jeremiah's actual children (named in his will in Louisa County, VA in 1774) are placed as his children by another (second) wife. It seems clear that this information is in error. Even though similar given names are carried among their descendants (including the unusual name Tyre or Tyree), James and Jeremiah Glenn were clearly two different men, probably either brothers, or else uncle and nephew to one another. As mentioned above, there was also an earlier Tyree Glenn in Virginia, who was born about 1704-1715, and was almost certainly a brother of our ancestor Jeremiah Glenn. This Tyree Glenn settled in Lunenberg County, Virginia (about 70 miles southwest of Hanover and New Kent Counties), and his children, born 1742-1752, were:


There is a probable connection between the Glenn family and the Tyree family in early Virginia, since our Glenns passed down the name Tyree as a first name. Alexander Tyree served as a juror with John Glenn in New Kent Co. VA in the early 1650's.
England allowed her subjects to take out two types of land grants. One was a patented grant, given to those who were financially able to pay for their land, or who had proper credentials, etc. The other was called a lease grant, whereby the land was more or less leased to them, pending their ability to pay for it. Jeremiah Glenn's 1730 land grant was a patented grant, so by this we know by that he was a man recognized by the crown as being able to meet his obligations.
This was a period of American History, about 50 years before the Revolutionary War, when Virginia was being colonized by England for the purpose of building into profitable enterprises the vast natural resources of Virginia, to help solve England's economic conditions at home. Without a labor force the land was worthless, so the proprietors were trying to encourage as many people as they could to settle there.
The records in this part of Virginia are not as complete as in other sections of the state, for this was the scene of much plundering and fighting during the Civil War. In 1865 the Court House in Richmond, Virginia, the county seat of Hanover County, was burned, and the records were destroyed. For this reason we do not have the name of Jeremiah Glenn's wife; but we know that they had at least eight children:

    BEVERLY (male) GLENN, and

Jeremiah Glenn left a will in Louisa County, Virginia in 1774. From other records, we know that Jeremiah's four sons and at least one daughter, Susannah, left Virginia and went to North Carolina, near where other relatives had settled.
Other Glenns who came to North Carolina around this time (relation unknown) were a James Glenn, son of a John Glenn who was born abt. 1727 in Ireland, moved to Pennsylvania, and later to Virginia where he married Jane Callahan. When his son James was about two years old (1762), this John Glenn was killed by Indians while surveying for the government in the mountains between Virginia and Kentucky. After his death his widow Jane moved to Rockingham County, North Carolina, where she later remarried; her son James Glenn was raised there. Another who came to North Carolina (probably more closely related to our Glenns) was a Dr. John Glen, who had come from Virginia to Orange County, North Carolina; he practiced medicine and was also a clergyman. In 1761 his sons were young men, but probably all of age, and resident in Orange County, North Carolina; they were:

    Dr. JOHN (Jr.)
       and his daughters
       (names which also occur in our family of Glenns)

This John Glen was probably the same as the one mentioned above who lived in New Kent and Hanover Counties, VA; he was most likely a brother of James Glenn and Jeremiah Glenn also. Robert Broadnax Glenn, a descendant of the early Glenns in North Carolina, became the Governor of that state from 1905-1909.
The Glenns, like many of the Scotch-Irish people, always seemed to be among the first to move to new areas and explore the frontier. In keeping with this characteristic, several members of the extended Glenn family have been noted explorers. Hugh Glenn (1788-1833) originally of Virginia, and a trader and businessman in Cincinnati, Ohio, together with his partner Jacob Fowler, headed the first successful trading expedition to Mexico. The "Glenn-Fowler Expedition" of 1821 started from Fort Smith, Arkansas, went west along the Arkansas River past the future site of Pueblo, Colorado and up to the headwaters in the Rocky Mountains, then to Santa Fe. They traded with the Mexicans, and were granted permission to trap in New Mexico and adjacent areas (the southern Rocky Mountains). They were the first white men to pass through the San Luis Valley (upper Rio Grande Valley) of southern Colorado, and also the first Americans to trade with the new nation of Mexico, which had just won its independence from Spain. News of their successful expedition, with the publishing of Jacob Fowler's journal, helped to open up the Santa Fe Trail, together with William Becknell's expedition with wagons to Santa Fe that same year (1821).
The trapper/explorer/businessman Hugh Glenn may have influenced his relative Robert Wilson Glenn I to go west to Santa Fe, where he went into the freighting business on the Santa Fe Trail, and also fought in the Mexican-American war. The exact relationship, however, between this Hugh Glenn and our ancestor Robert Wilson Glenn is not known, although one of Robert Wilson Glenn's brothers, Uriah Glenn, also went by the name of Hugh Glenn.
Another noted Glenn explorer was Edwin Forbes Glenn, from North Carolina, who in 1899 led the Glenn exploring expedition to Cook Inlet, Alaska. He was a military officer, graduate of West Point, and also wrote a book called "Glenn's International Law" in 1895.
There was also another Hugh Glenn, a doctor, whose birthplace and relationship to our Glenns is unknown, who was said to be the largest grower of wheat in California (and probably in the world), in the 1880's in the Sacramento area. Another interesting and enterprising member of the extended Glenn family was a W. Skelton Glenn from North Carolina, who was a buffalo hunter on the frontier of West Texas in the 1870's. (Source books: "The Great Buffalo Hunt" and "The Border and the Buffalo").
There were several Glenns who were ministers and educators. The author of "Glenn and Kin" says that,

"Methodism changed the lives of several young Glenn men (in North Carolina) in the period 1806-1809. Brothers Thompson, Thomas D. and James E. Glenn (sons of James, who was the son of Gideon Glenn listed in the will of James of Hanover County, Virginia, above) ... not only became ministers but moved from North Carolina to the South Carolina conference (where they were appointed). Already there was John Bowles Glenn, who almost at the same time as his cousins was ordained a Methodist minister ... In the 1830's their strong fervor for Methodism prompted James E., Thompson, and their cousin John Bowles Glenn to unite their efforts to establish a center of Methodist learning in Alabama. This center, called GLENNVILLE, held several academies in which James E. and John B. Glenn were active participants."

James Elizabeth Glenn ... was named for both his father and mother because she died as a result of his birth. The Rev. A.M. Chreitzberg in his book Early Methodism in the Carolinas, states that Rev. James E. Glenn had a full-rounded face, a florid complexion, a voice like a trumpet and "faculties naturelle of the highest order." The account in "Glenn and Kin" says that,

"in 1807 as a newly-licensed Methodist preacher, James E. Glenn was transferred to the South Carolina Conference ... many of his Glenn cousins (were) then living in Union, Newberry, and Chester counties, S.C. In 1809 he had been sent to the Santee-Cooper River area of South Carolina as the first missionary ever appointed by any denomination to minister to slaves. After serving as a circuit preacher and missionary throughout South Carolina for many years, around 1832 James E. Glenn moved to what is now Stewart Co., Georgia. He settled on the Chattahoochee River and rented land from the Indians on the Alabama side for farming. Probably the next year he moved his family into the Indian town on Hatchechubbee Creek, near present Pittsview in Russell Co., Alabama, where he purchased land from the Indians to establish what was to become the first white settlement in the county.
In the winter of 1835-36 the Indians declared war on the white settlers. After being warned by a friendly Indian, the Glenns boarded the steamboat "Anna Calhoun" which was captained by James Glenn, son of Thompson, and they crossed the Chattahoochee River ... The citizens of Roanoke, GA were evacuated to Columbus with the aid of Capt. James Glenn (who was the first steamboat captain on the Chattahoochee River), and the following Sunday, Roanoke was destroyed by the Indians. When the residents returned to their Alabama settlement, they had to rebuild the church, and James E. Glenn rebuilt his log house ... In 1837 James E. Glenn was joined in Alabama by his cousin, the Rev. John Bowles Glenn, son of James Glenn II.
These two educator-ministers founded Glennville, known in its golden years of the 1850's as the "Athens of the South," intended to be a cultural, religious and educational center. Here was established the Glennville Female College for girls and the Glennville Collegiate and Military Institute for boys. The Glennville Methodist Church was the town's religious center ... The town had an inn called "The Mansion House" and two stage lines. Many beautiful homes were located there, some of which are still occupied and one of which is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Civil War destroyed Glennville, like it did most of the South, but Glennville had no Reconstruction. In 1854 its citizens had opposed the routing of the Mobile & Gerard Railroad through their town, and both schools were destroyed by fire, the girls' school in 1865 and the boys' in the 1870's. While the still existing homes keep the spirit of Glennville alive, we are reminded that Glennville died with its founders in the span of a human lifetime."

After leaving Glennville, John Bowles Glenn went to Auburn, Alabama, where he was instrumental in establishing the East Alabama Male College, which grew into what is known today as Auburn University ...
Many Glenns have served in the ministry. Rev. James Washington Francis Hodges Glenn, youngest child of James E. Glenn, was a minister in Alabama from 1856 to 1899. He was also a guide for Gen. Winfield Scott. Also noteworthy are two grandsons of the Rev. James E. Glenn ... the Rev. Edgar M. Glenn was a founder and president of Birmingham College, later president of Athens College ... the Rev. James McCOY Glenn, a minister for over seventy years, had such notables in his congregations as Apache Chief Geronimo and Army surgeon Walter Reed." The following is extracted from a newspaper article entitled "Cleric Recalls Geronimo" by Wayne Powell:

Union Springs -
"Apache Indian Chief Geronimo, one of the most fierce of Western tribesmen, is remembered by a 90 year old retired minister as "the friendliest Indian" he knew. Dr. James M. Glenn recalled Geronimo as he told of his 72 years of preaching the gospel in the Alabama / West Florida Methodist Conference. Glenn not only holds the record for the longest tenure of service in the conference, but was once the youngest and now the oldest member of the conference. Geronimo was living with other Apache Indians at the Mount Vernon Military post in 1889 where Glenn began his ministerial career. He remembers the chief as a strong disciplinarian. Two white women teachers instructing the Indian children never had any trouble with the students when the old chief was around. Geronimo was a strong believer in education and religion, Glenn said, and frequently rang the cow bell for Sunday School services. Very few Indians refused to attend church, the clergyman said, with this signal."

I have corresponded with Michael Glenn, brother of Debbie Glenn who is married to Donny Osmond. Their Glenn family has an interesting history also, and although no direct connection has been found between their Glenns and ours, they seem to have similar characteristics and a parallel history. Their ancestor James Glenn, a minister ordained in Scotland, emigrated to Pennsylvania. He later moved to South Carolina and did a lot of work there preaching against slavery and trying to abolish it, also buying the freedom of as many slaves as he could. Some of his children went to Illinois, and several were ministers also, one of whom, "Old Preacher Glenn," was said to have influenced Abraham Lincoln as a boy in matters of faith. The descendants of this branch of the Glenn family later came west on the Oregon Trail, and Glenn's Ferry, a town in Idaho, was named after one of them. They lived in Washington State until Michael and Debbie's father was converted to the LDS Church and moved to Utah.

Information Compiled
by Karen Bray Keeley

INTERNET Adaptation
by Sandra Shuler Bray